The Short Answer Is: A leaking outdoor water spigot typically indicates a problem with the faucet or its connection. It can waste water and potentially damage the surrounding area. To fix it yourself, start by turning off the water supply to the spigot. Then, check for loose connections, damaged washers, or a faulty valve stem. Tighten connections, replace worn parts, or the entire spigot if necessary. If the issue persists, consider seeking professional plumbing assistance to prevent further damage.
An outdoor faucet, often referred to as a hose bib or outdoor spigot, plays a crucial role in our daily lives. The outdoor faucet provides us with the water needed for gardening, washing the car, or simply staying hydrated during those hot summer months. But what happens when you notice outdoor spigot leaks? Is a leaking outdoor faucet just a minor annoyance, or do outdoor faucet leaks signify a deeper issue?
In this blog, we'll explore the potential reasons behind a leaky outdoor faucet and what it might mean for your home.
One of the most common reasons for a leaking outdoor faucet is wear and tear. Over time, these fixtures can degrade due to exposure to the elements and the constant on-off use. The rubber faucet washer or O-ring inside the faucet handle can become worn, leading to leaks. In this case, a leak could simply mean that it's time for some maintenance.
Solution: Replacing the worn out washers or O-rings in the faucet stem is a straightforward DIY task that can usually fix a leaky outdoor faucet. Be sure to turn off the water supply to the spigot before attempting any repairs.
Sometimes, faucet leaks may be due to loose connections. The joints between the water supply line and the spigot or the spigot and the wall may have become loose, causing water to escape.
Solution: Tighten the connections using an adjustable wrench to fix a leaky outdoor faucet. Ensure that the exterior faucet is securely fastened to the wall, and there are no visible gaps between the connections.
Another common reason for a leaking outdoor water spigot is a loose packing nut. The packing nut is a vital component that surrounds the stem of the faucet, helping to maintain a water tight seal. When this nut becomes loose, it can allow water to escape, resulting in a persistent leak. This issue often presents itself as water dripping from around the stem of the faucet, just below the handle.
Solution: Turn off the water supply and use a screwdriver or an adjustable wrench to remove the faucet handle, exposing the valve stem and the packing nut. You can typically fix a water leak by tightening the packing nut in a clockwise direction, but be cautious not to overtighten, as this could damage the faucet. Once you tighten the packing nut, reattach the faucet handle and make sure it's snugly in place, then turn the water on again.
If you live in an area with cold winters, like Cincinnati, OH, your outdoor faucet may be susceptible to frost damage. Just as a pipe freezes inside your home, even an outdoor faucet can experience the same. When water freezes inside the faucet head or water supply line, it can expand and crack the pipe, leading to leaks when the ice thaws.
Solution: Preventing frost damage usually requires insulating your outdoor spigots and supply lines. You can use foam covers or heat tape to protect these vulnerable areas during the winter months. Consider installing a frost proof faucet (also called a frost free faucet). A freeze proof faucet is made to withstand freezing temperatures thanks to a water shut off valve situated further into the home.
Excessively high water pressure can put stress on your plumbing system, including outdoor spigots. When the pressure becomes too much to handle, it can result in leaks.
Solution: Consider installing a pressure regulator to control the water pressure in your home. This will help prevent leaks and prolong the life of your plumbing.
Corrosion is another common issue that can lead to outdoor water spigot leaks, particularly in older homes with galvanized pipes. Over time, these pipes can rust and develop weak points that allow water to escape.
Solution: If corrosion is the culprit, it might be time to replace the entire spigot or even consider re-piping the affected area.
In some cases, a leaking spigot may be the result of improper installation. If the spigot wasn't fitted correctly from the beginning, it can lead to persistent leaks.
Solution: Correcting an improperly installed spigot may require the expertise of a plumber. Ensure the installation complies with local building codes and standards for plumbing service.
A cracked pipe is a more serious issue that can cause water to leak from the spigot. This can occur due to physical damage, severe freezing, or age-related deterioration.
Solution: A cracked pipe will need to be replaced, and this is best done by a professional plumber who can assess the extent of the damage and ensure a proper fix.
A leaky outdoor faucet is not an issue to be taken lightly. While the leaky faucet may seem like a minor inconvenience at first, it can have far-reaching consequences for your home and your wallet. To avoid these potential problems, it's essential to address any outdoor faucet leak promptly and correctly diagnose the cause of the leak.
Whether it's a simple washer replacement or a more complex plumbing repair, taking action now can save you time, money, and hassle in the long run. Schedule plumbing service with Thomas & Galbraith Heating, Cooling & Plumbing and have your leaky faucet fixed fast!